Theatrics Aside, Harris Will Help Build on Trump’s India Policy
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Placards lining the road into Kamala Harris’s ancestral family village in southern India display her photograph with the caption “Singa Pennae,” or “Lioness.”
Thephrase from a female power ballad in a popular Tamil-language movie released last year signaled the excitement in some parts of India over her nomination as the Democratic vice presidential candidate on a ticket with Joe Biden. Her family is confident that Harris, the first Black and Indian-American woman on a major presidential party ticket, will win over the rest of a country that has moved closer to the U.S. thanks to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s close ties with Donald Trump.
“Indians love drama, which explains President Trump’s popularity in India,” said Harris’s maternal uncle, Gopalan Balachandran, an academic based in New Delhi. “But I am confident that she will be equally popular.”
Forged by theatrics, the Trump-Modi bond culminated in two giant stadium events in front of tens of thousands of their supporters — one inHouston last September and the other in Modi’s home state ofGujarat in February. And while the warming relationshave not yet resolved a trade spat, India has expanded arms purchases from the U.S. and aligned with it more openly against China.
The Trump administration has made India a key part of its “Free and Open Indo-Pacific” strategy, and backed Modi’s government following deadly clashes between Chinese and Indian troops along their disputed Himalayanborder in June. India is also a key part of the informal regional grouping to counter China known as theQuad, which also includes the U.S., Japan and Australia.
Still, the closer ties between the U.S. and India are likely to persist in a Biden-Harris White House, said Amitabh Mattoo, a former member of India’s National Security Council Advisory Board.
“They may not roll out a red carpet or give bear hugs or talk about each other in narcissistic terms, but I don’t think there will be substantial shift in the importance that Washington has for India — that will remain,” said Mattoo, the author of more than a dozen books on international relations and a professor at Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru University. Biden is “unlikely to do anything reckless in terms of changing posture as long as the China threat remains.”
A spokesman for the Biden-Harris campaign referred to Biden’s plan to place “a high priority on continuing to strengthen the U.S.-India relationship.” The campaign declined to comment further.
India-U.S. ties have advanced under previous Democratic administrations. In March 2000, President Bill Clinton looked past India’s nuclear tests to begin developing a stronger bilateral relationship. Under the George W. Bush administration, Biden helpedpilot the civil nuclear cooperation with India in the Senate as chair of the foreign relations committee.
And though relations soured after the arrest of an Indian diplomat in New York in 2013, Barack Obama mended ties soon after Modi’s election. The leaderssat for hours together in the rain as Obama become the first U.S. president to be the official “chief guest” at India’s Republic Day parade.
Trump has hit India on trade while avoiding more controversial issues. While in New Delhi in February, Trump said he’d raised the issue ofreligious freedom with Modi, but declined to comment on demonstrations against the government’s new citizenship law discriminating against Muslims. He’s also offered to “mediate” between India and its rival Pakistan on Kashmir after Modi ended decades of autonomy in India’s only Muslim-majority state.
Harris has expressed more concern about Modi’s actions, which has led to a lengthy crackdown in Kashmir and nationwide street protests earlier in the year over the citizenship law.
“We have to remind Kashmiris that they are not alone in the world,” Harrissaid in September 2019 while on the campaign trail. “We are keeping track of the situation. There is a need to intervene if the situation demands.” A Biden campaign policypaper outlining his outreach toward Muslim Americans criticized India over Kashmir and the citizenship law, while in a statement released earlier this month he said he would stand by India in confronting the threats it faces along its borders.
Despite those issues, Modi’s rulingBharatiya Janata Party said the U.S. and India have “deep strategic relations” supported widely across party lines in both countries.
“As far as the BJP is concerned, we are naturally happy that someone with Indian ancestry is contesting the second topmost post in USA,” Vijay Chauthaiwale,chief of foreign affairs in the party who helped organize the ‘Namaste Trump’ event in Gujarat in February, said in a text message.
Biden’s campaign has pledged reform the H-1B visa system and work to eliminate the country-quota for green cards, both issues that are important to the increasingly influential Indian American community. And observers expect him to go easier on trade issues than Trump.
“While Harris’ Indian heritage will no doubt be a positive element in her approach to India, the more important bit is that the administration will not be as publicly harsh on trade and visas,” said Arun K Singh, a former Indian ambassador to the U.S.
Indians form about a fifth of 20 million Asian Americans and are often more educated and earn more than other immigrant groups, the Washington-based Pew Research Center found. About 65% of Indian Americans were Democrats or leaned toward the Democrats, according to a 2014 Pew Research paper.
Politics was a frequent topic of discussion in the Harris family home in India, said Sarala Gopalan, Kamala’s aunt, who said the vice presidential candidate is very close to her relatives. Gopalan, one of the ‘Chitthis’ Harris referred to in her acceptancespeech, said the village offered prayers at a local temple when her candidacy was announced.
“My father was working for the government, my mother was very much interested in politics,” Gopalan, 76, said. She had politics “in her blood.”
— With assistance by Sudhi Ranjan Sen, and Tyler Pager
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