Bolivia polls start to close in crossroads election as socialists eye return
LA PAZ (Reuters) – Bolivians polls started to shut on Sunday after a crossroads election many hope can restore stability after a voided ballot last year plunged the Andean nation into political crisis and ended the near 14-year administration of leftwing Evo Morales.
The vote is a test of democracy in the country that has been led by an unelected conservative interim government since late last year. The result will set Bolivia’s political course beyond Morales, whose shadow still looms large over the country.
“This is a fundamental moment in the history of our country,” centrist candidate Carlos Mesa said as he cast his vote in La Paz on Sunday.
Some polls began closing at 5 p.m local time (2100 GMT) with counting set to start soon after. Salvador Romero, who heads Bolivia’s election authority, told reporters in the afternoon that the voting process had gone smoothly.
Pre-election polls had put Luis Arce from Morales’ socialist party in the lead, which would tip the country back to the left. Mesa, the main challenger, served as president in the early 2000s. Polls suggest a second round run-off would be needed.
A last-minute decision by Bolivia’s electoral authority not to release fast-count results on Sunday night, citing issues with the system, has added a layer of tension. Exit polls and partial official results will be published, but it is not clear when the results of the official count will be released.
Election observers have supported the move, though Morales – living in Argentina and advising his party’s campaign – said on Twitter that the decision was “highly worrying”. He toned down his words in a later statement calling for calm.
“We should all be patient to wait for the election results without engaging in any type of violence,” said interim president Jeanine Áñez, who took over in a power vacuum last year after the resignation of Morales.
“I assure you that we will have credible results.”
Arce, who earlier this week suggested the only way his rivals could win was “through fraud,” also moved to calm rhetoric that has led some to worry about a return of violence that rocked the country last year and left scores dead.
“Let’s hope that today and the following days pass peacefully. In the MAS we are committed to a democratic solution, we do not take power by arms, we do it through a democratic way,” he told reporters after voting.
The vote, carried out in person despite the coronavirus pandemic, will be a test of the left’s clout in Latin America. Morales was an iconic and long-lasting figure in a wave of leftist presidents in the region over the last two decades.
“The vote is set to be the most important since Bolivia returned to democracy in 1982,” said Carlos Valverde, a political analyst.
Bolivia erupted in violence late last year when Morales sought a fourth term in a disputed election that has since been annulled. The violence cost at least 30 lives, sparked food shortages and forced Morales to resign.
On Sunday, residents of La Paz, a city starkly divided by class and race, were voting peacefully but faced long lines meant to avoid overcrowding inside voting locations.
Many said they worried the election result could lead to more violence, especially if Arce’s vote count falls short.
“I hope everything turns out peacefully and that the next government can also provide the solutions that all Bolivians are hoping for,” said David Villarroel, voting in La Paz.
The socialist stronghold of El Alto, a center of last year’s violence, is seen as particularly volatile. The city was built by indigenous Bolivians atop a mountain overlooking La Paz and has grown to dwarf the administrative capital city in population.
Fredy Oliveria, an overseas Bolivian voting in Sao Paulo, said holding the vote itself was already a win for democracy in the country.
“We have the freedom to be able to choose the candidates for our country. May the best person win,” he said.
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