Weekly jobless claims fall again in another sign of labor market improvement

  • Jobless claims totaled 709,000 last week, below the 740,000 Wall Street forecast.
  • That represented a decline from the 757,000 total a week ago.
  • More than 21 million Americans are still collecting benefits, though the total is declining gradually.

First-time claims for unemployment insurance continued their decline last week, hitting another pandemic-era low in a sign that the labor market is gradually improving.

The Labor Department reported Thursday that jobless claims hit 709,000 for the week ended Nov. 7, down from 757,000 the week before. Economists surveyed by Dow Jones had been looking for 740,000 new claims.

This marked the fourth consecutive week that the total declined from the previous period, though claims remain above the pre-coronavirus pandemic record 695,000 in 1982.

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"Over the short-term, the stock market is watching labor market data through the lens of stimulus prospects," said Kenny Polcari, managing partner at Kace Capital Advisors. "Worsening jobs data strengthens the case for more stimulus and vice versa. More stimulus is usually welcomed by investors."

In addition to the decline in the weekly pace, continuing claims also again saw a significant decline, falling to 6.79 million, a 436,000 decrease from a week ago. Continuing claims run a week behind the headline number.

However, the level of those still collecting remains high as thousands of workers who are seeing their regular benefits expire migrate to the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance program. Initial claims under the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance program totaled 298,154 for the week, though that actually was a decrease of 63,805 from the week before.

As of Oct. 24, 21.16 million Americans were collecting some form of assistance, a decrease of 374,179. A year ago, that total was 1.45 million.

Georgia saw the biggest decline in claims, falling 14,127. Other significant drops came from Texas (-5,179), Kentucky (-4,979), New Jersey (-4,703) and Florida (-3,497). Washington saw a jump of 10,381, while California rose by 5,162 and Massachusetts reported an increase of 2,799.

While unemployment remains a significant problem in the U.S. as the economy rebuilds from the coronavirus shutdown, the numbers have been getting progressively better.

Nonfarm payrolls increased 638,000 in October, significantly better than Wall Street expectations. In all, about 12 million of the 22 million positions lost during March and April have been recovered as the unemployment rate has fallen to 6.9% from its high of 14.7%. The jobless rate was 3.5% before the pandemic declaration in March.

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